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Arms control inspectors of the Lithuanian Armed Forces will visit air base in Belarus

2010.09.28
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September 28-30, three arms control experts of the Lithuanian Armed Forces will conduct an evaluation visit in the Belarusian Air Force's Attack Air Base in Lida.

 

The visit is organised under the OSCE Vienna Document 1999 securing to each OSCE member the right to verify if any other member of the organization does not undertake military activities requiring prior notification, or does not maintain undeclared military capabilities.

 

The Vienna Document obliges its parties to provide information about their armed forces, plans of defence capability development, and defence budget on a yearly basis. Participating states also commit to accept in their territory an agreed number of inspections and visits of military experts from other countries.

 

It is the first visit Lithuanian arms control experts make to Belarus this. Last year Lithuanian experts conducted one evaluation visit in the country.

 


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Lithuania became a member of the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe, (OSCE) today uniting 56 states of North America and Asia in 1991. Key purposes of the organisation are undivided security, conflict prevention, and conflict resolution.

 

OSCE provides for a complex of measures to enhance security and trust among their members in defence sector: regular information exchanges are conducted on defence capabilities, budget, military planning and several particular kinds of military activities of each state. Special means are designed to verify the submitted information - regional inspections and verification visits of other states to other states' military units. Such means ensure that undeclared military activity is not undertaken.

Lithuanian Ministry of National Defence provides data about the Lithuanian Armed Forces, defence budget, defence planning and scheduled training events to OSCE annually under the Vienna Document 1999 requirements.

 

Lithuania accepts verification visits and regional inspections of OSCE states under the regulations set forth in the Vienna Document 1999. According to the Document, on the basis of defined quotas Lithuania is to accept one verification visit and three inspections annually.

 

On the basis of the Vienna Document Lithuania takes additional bilateral measures to enhance trust and security with Finland, Sweden, Russian Federation (regarding Kaliningrad Oblast), and Belarus.


In 2005 Lithuania became a member of the 1992 Treaty on Open Skies that may be joined by any OSCE member.

 

On the basis of this Treaty every State Party has the right to conduct as well as commitment to receive observation aircrafts from other States Parties in its airspace. Aircrafts fly in the State Party's airspace and employ means allowed by the Treaty to examine whether the inspected state observe international arms control commitments. Data obtained in such observation flights is available o all the States Parties.

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