1. The goal and objectives of Lithuania’s Defence Policy
Lithuania’s Defence Policy is an integral part of the National Security Policy aimed at the development (formation) of the international security environment at the same time contributing to the international stability and peace, and formation of the national defence capability to ensure both - deterrence from an armed attack, and reliable defence in case of armed aggression.
2. Principles of Lithuania’s Defence Policy
• Defence of Lithuania is total and unconditional. The total defence entails that Lithuania is defended by the national armed forces as well as those of NATO Allies, that all national resources are mobilised for national defence, and that every citizen of Lithuania and the entire nation will resist in every way defined as legitimate by international law. Defence of Lithuania is not subject to any conditions, and no one can inhibit the right of the nation and every citizen to resist an aggressor, invader or anyone else threatening the independence, territorial integrity, and constitutional order of Lithuania.
• Security of Lithuania is based on individual and collective defence. Lithuania must develop military capabilities for both individual and collective defence. At the same time, NATO membership guarantees that in case of an attack, Lithuania will be defended by the armed forces of other NATO nations.
• Security of the Allies is indivisible. Defence policy of Lithuania is based on the principle that a threat to the security of a single Ally is a threat to the security of the whole Alliance. In the spirit of solidarity, the Allies contribute to strengthening the security of Lithuania, and Lithuania is ready to fulfil its commitments to the Allies.
• Comprehensive approach to security. Because of the changing nature of threats, a successful use of military measures is an essential, but insufficient condition in ensuring the national security. Interoperability of military and civilian capabilities, and close cooperation between the LAF and other state institutions constitute the crucial factor of national security of Lithuania.
3. Priorities of Lithuania’s Defence Policy
The defence policy pursued by the Republic of Lithuania aims to ensure a secure external environment, to prevent potential risks, dangers and threats, and where it proves impossible to avoid them – to be ready to provide a proper response. Corresponding defence policy priorities have been defined to implement these aspirations:
• Active and responsible membership in NATO. A strong and united Alliance, capable of ensuring the security and defence of the Member States, is the key guarantee of a secure external environment of the Republic of Lithuania.
• Active and responsible membership in the EU. A united EU, jointly and effectively defending interests of the Member States and contributing to international security and stability is an important factor ensuring security of the Republic of Lithuania.
• Strengthening of bilateral and multilateral relations. Lithuania seeks to strengthen cooperation with neighbouring countries, strategic partners and NATO and EU allies.
• Strengthening of defence capabilities. Lithuania develops military capabilities aiming to ensure effective national defence and fulfil commitments to NATO collective defence.
4. Priorities for the development of military capabilities
During the medium term, the essential qualitative changes are expected in the following capability areas:
- combat and combat support capability development;
- combat service support capability development;
- combat training and host nation support capability development;
- command and control and cyber security capability development.
The main focus in capability development is implementing new Land Force structure – reinforcing mechanized brigade ‘Iron Wolf’ and establishing new motorized brigade ‘Žemaitija’. In terms of manning and equipment, priority is given to the mechanized brigade.